Dr. Halikis: Number one is arthritis, whether it's rheumatoid arthritis or osteoarthritis. There are various forms of treatment for that: mini joint replacements, scoping to clean joints out, fusions, and other reconstructive surgeries. My trauma patients come in with broken bones, cut tendons and nerves, and other issues that need repair, usually from a sudden injury but sometimes from chronic problems.
I also have patients with different types of lumps, bumps, and cysts that I either drain or occasionally remove surgically. Overuse syndromes are common, like tennis and golfer's elbow tendinitis or tendinosis, caused by wear and tear on the body. There are nerve problems, like carpal tunnel syndrome and cubital tunnel syndrome, where the nerves get compressed and cause numbness, tingling, and pain into the arm. Less often I see patients needing congenital hand surgery. There are also some infections and other conditions.